Julián Ariza: the long journey towards freedom of an honest trade unionist |  Business



Julian Ariza Y Nicholas Sartoriustwo veteran trade unionists and leftist militants, give each other an effusive hug after the intervention of the second in the presentation of the price of freedom (Cataract, Fundación Primero de Mayo), a book of memoirs written by the former, subtitled Memories of an anti-Francoist. “You were essential for the union and for democracy”, Sartorius recognized him at the end of his words after having recalled the clandestine adventures, his coincidence in the Carabanchel prison, the trip to Rome (without being able to visit Rome), the first steps of the Workers’ Commissions and many other things.

The presentation of the price of freedom was used by the union leadership to honor one of the founders. Already in his eighties (he was born in Madrid in 1934), he had to grow up in the first years of the Franco regime. He began working as an assistant in a pharmacy in his neighborhood, Usera, at the age of 12 and, at 15, he joined the Cofares pharmaceutical cooperative, where he was soon discharged (“I am one of the trade unionists with the most five years”) and where He became familiar with those workers’ commissions in tiny letters, “spontaneous, finalist and of ephemeral life”, which were formed to negotiate some conflict or disagreement and then disappeared.

Later he entered Perkins, an engine company where he met Marcelino Camacho and that they made mythical in the history of the union. There, the commissions with lowercase letters began to be not so spontaneous until they became the Workers’ Commissions, with capital letters. The transition had taken place from a young worker who defended his colleagues to a class-conscious leader ready to become a union leader, probably without his knowing it. He recounts it in detail in the auditorium that bears Camacho’s name before an audience that combs many gray hairs, after listening (by video or live) to old comrades (Edward Saborido, Juan Moreno, Salce Elvira, Christina Almeida…) and receive recognition from many fellow travelers. “I think that what encouraged the creation of this type of commission was the vacuum of representation in which, naturally, ways were sought through which to channel demands and claims,” ​​says Ariza. A space that the PCE found appropriate to recommend entering the Vertical Union and take advantage of the legal possibilities to develop future Commissions from within. It can be said, therefore, that the Workers’ Commissions, with capital letters, were born within the Vertical Union.

The combination of industrialization that occurred after the creation of the National Institute of Industry (INI), migration from the countryside to the city, generational change and the lack of representation in a framework of demands for improvement in living conditions and labor were the best breeding ground. To this was added the change of government in 1957 with the arrival of the technocrats, which would soon give rise to the Stabilization Plan and to a certain opening, especially economic.

Then the actions would come; the conspiracies in Perkins, who presided over Joaquin Ruiz-Jimenez (later he would defend him in his legal cases); the meeting on a farm of a man as suspicious as Jose Maria de Areilza; the arrests after sometimes bizarre persecutions (he spent four years in jail); turtleneck sweaters; the struggle to grow in the factories… “Although we defined ourselves as a movement, we were in any case an organized movement whose objectives included contributing to the conquest of trade union and political freedoms,” writes Ariza, who does not want to leave out of the union paternity to Santiago Carrillo, the leader of the PCE from whom he never parted ways. And although the birth of the CC OO is dated in various places (La Camocha, Laciana, Jerez…) he puts that origin in the Metal Commission of Madrid in 1964.

Ariza’s public life is divided into three stages. The first was that of the lowercase commissions forming a tandem with Camacho (“Camacho was my teacher and fellow sufferer”), with whom he maintained a close relationship until well into the eighties, when the estrangement occurred for political reasons that led to the excision of the PCE. From that stage, perhaps the most romantic, Ariza vindicates the Transition (with capital letters) and the strike movements of 1976, already dead Frankagainst the survival of the regime (“directed by Arias Navarro and the uncompromising Fraga”), and disqualifies the criticism of Podemos that affirmed that the Constitution agreed in 1978 was a “lock” that had to be broken.

He knows in depth all the sides of the coin.

subscribe

The second stage is precisely that of his ostracism in the union.

In the third stage, that of “the new normality”, the role of founder and historical leader is recognized. During this period, in which four general secretaries have succeeded one another (Antonio Gutiérrez, Jose Maria Fidalgo, Ignacio Fernandez Toxo Y unai deaf), he has been highly respected. Then he chaired the Fundación Primero de Mayo, until he decided to retire from that position and from his position in the Economic and Social Council (CES), of which he made a kind of refuge for 23 years and has not stopped producing reports and fighting for democracy.

the circles

  • Relay in the dome of Deloitte. Fernando Ruiz leaves, after 13 years and several months, the presidency of Deloitte Spain in which he has been since the time he was Arthur Andersen. At that time, Ruiz had to overcome the crisis originating in the auditing and consulting multinational and keep it at the top of a very competitive sector. A period in which the group has gone from a turnover of 398 to 890.4 million euros, which represents a growth of 124%. Likewise, the workforce has gone from 4,270 to 9,319 people, that is, more than double (118%). He takes over the presidency from his friend and collaborator Héctor Flórez, with whom he shares Real Madrid.
  • The tourism sector, in search of excellence. The tourism sector demands the definitive boost of public-private collaboration that will make it recover, definitively, the strength of before the pandemic and achieve excellence, according to the conclusions of the VI International Congress on Tourism Quality and Sustainability that has been held. celebrated this week. It has been a meeting point in which the Institute for Spanish Tourism Quality, chaired by Miguel Mirones, has meshed the trends and exchanged the necessary experiences to put the needs of the sector on the table.
  • The challenges of the family business. Only 10% of the members of the family business aspire to play an entrepreneurial role, according to an analysis by Esade and Lansberg Gersick Advisors (LGA). Changes in customer needs and behaviors (27%), digitization and adoption of new technologies (25%) or economic uncertainty (14%) are the main challenges of this group, chaired by Andrés Sendagorta. The study emphasizes that family businesses need to combine tradition with digital and sustainable transformation to ensure their viability.

Exclusive content for subscribers

read without limits

Also Read:

The labor crisis in the airline sector leads to a chaotic summer at airports | companies | The USA...
The current stock market crisis has already destroyed more value of the S&P 500 than the one of 2008...
The community of neighbors will be able to leave the defaulters without a pool and demand more inter...
Biden plans to suspend the federal gas tax to combat inflation | Economy | The USA Print
How is the tax on electricity companies in other European countries | companies | The USA Print
Spain: The Government only spent 2,400 million of European funds last year | Economy | The USA Pri...
Norway rubs its hands with the energy crisis: "There are times when it's not fun to make money, and ...
A week of gas cap: neither fiasco nor panacea | Economy | The USA Print
The richest 1% concentrates 17% of the national income | Economy | The USA Print
The unions demand that the CEOE return to the salary negotiation table: "If there is no agreement, t...
Kellogg splits into three companies to accelerate growth | Economy | The USA Print
The funds give Abengoa until Friday to save itself from bankruptcy | Economy | The USA Print
The CNMV will redouble surveillance on cryptocurrency advertising at sporting events | Economy | T...
Israel Arroyo leaves the post of Secretary of State for Social Security and Pensions | Economy | T...
Elon Musk says there are three issues to be resolved to close the purchase of Twitter | Economy | ...
Airef criticizes the Government for the lack of information on the execution of European funds | Ec...
El Corte Inglés repurchases half of the shares held by the Qatari investor Al Thani for 387 million ...
Montero cools off Yolanda Díaz's proposal and advances that the surcharge on electricity companies w...