If you have the ability to learn, you will find a 4.0 job | The USA Print

If you have the ability to learn, you will find a 4.0 job
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If you have the ability to learn, you will find a 4.0 job | The USA Print

Technological development causes changes in companies and generates doubts and uncertainty among workers. Up to a quarter of jobs will change in the next five years, says the World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs 2023 Report. “We are facing a new industrial revolution; The industry is undergoing an unprecedented process of digital transformation, driven by the rapid arrival of new photonic technologies such as advanced sensors, laser systems or optical communications; also the rapid evolution of robotics and drones, 3D printing, artificial intelligence or the blockchain”, points out Antonio Sánchez, president of Secpho – a cluster made up of more than 150 expert organizations in deep tech– and CEO of AsorCAD Engineering, a company specialized in 3D scanning and engineering services.

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It is clear that these technologies are transforming – and will transform – the way in which companies design, produce and distribute their products, but also the profile of workers they need. For Mercedes Gaitán, researcher, professor at Carlemany University and industry 4.0 expert, “new social values ​​and demographic changes are significantly affecting work processes and the work environment. We are facing the transition to an economy that is based on knowledge, so the field of education needs to pay attention to the necessary skills in this industry 4.0”. Gaitán stresses that in this new environment, repetitive and automated tasks will be carried out by machines or robots, but those that require experience, creativity or decision-making based on uncertainty will continue to inhabit people and their talent.

We are facing the transition to an economy that is based on knowledge, so the field of education needs to pay attention to the necessary skills in this industry 4.0”

Mercedes GaitanResearcher, professor at Carlemany University and expert in industry 4.0

For Rodolfo Álvarez, PhD in Economics and Business and professor at OBS Business School, technological evolution will impact the job market in two different ways. “On the one hand, to blue collar positions (operators, waiters, masons…) through the implementation on an industrial scale of automation and robotization processes that may replace and/or complement this type of profession carried out by humans, and on the other, to white collar positions (clerks, legal assistants, accountants, computer programmers…) that will not be impacted by the automation and robotization of industrial processes, but will be affected by technological developments derived from artificial intelligence” .

The report from the World Economic Forum shows that technology and digitization will be the ones that most accelerate the loss of positions such as administration or secretarial jobs, including bank and store tellers or administrative staff dedicated to data entry. The paradox is that the fastest growing jobs are based on technology and digitization. Employment of data scientists and analysts, big data specialists, artificial intelligence and machine learning specialists, and cybersecurity professionals is estimated to grow by 30% on average through 2027.

The most demanded profiles by industry 4.0


Secpho is a cluster made up of more than 150 organizations that drive innovation through deep tech in all sectors of the economy. Its president, Antonio Sánchez, and its executive director, Sergio Sáez, point out the main profiles that industry 4.0 currently demands.



Experts in artificial intelligence and data analysis. The ability to analyze large amounts of data is essential for the industry 4.0. Experts in artificial intelligence and data analysis are capable of designing, implementing and maintaining information systems. data analysis and machine learning, to improve the efficiency and quality of processes.


Cybersecurity specialists. This profile was not necessary in an industry that was not hyper-connected, but with the advent of digitization, it is a critical profile since the connection of machinery, equipment, and processes to the cloud carries a greater risk of receiving cyberattacks. Cybersecurity specialists are responsible for designing, implementing, and maintaining computer security systems to protect information systems and prevent potential attacks.


Multidisciplinary profiles with teamwork skills. The environment is so changing and the technological evolution is so great that what companies are looking for above all are people with the capacity to adapt to change and to different functions in the future. And especially, people who know how to work for the team, with a positive attitude and ability to solve problems.

All of this means that the reality of work is different from how we had conceived it to date, and that adaptation to change is essential and key to finding employment in this new context. “Governments and companies must invest to support adaptation to the jobs of the future through the structures of education, professional retraining and social support that can ensure that people are placed at the center of future work”, said Saadia Zahidi, Director General of the World Economic Forum, during the presentation of the aforementioned report.

Most valued skills

Today, industry 4.0 is demanding profiles of highly qualified employees, with knowledge of cutting-edge technologies and skills in problem solving, teamwork and adaptability to change. For this reason, for Rodolfo Álvarez, “the key competence to develop is the ability to learn, which will allow us to adapt to the jobs offered by the labor market of the future, and the skills and knowledge that it requires”. The OBS Business School professor stresses that the learning strategy to be used must be based “on a double track, making the teaching of new knowledge and conceptual skills compatible through educational institutions with practical learning based on the job training on the job ”.

Mercedes Gaitán points out that both today and in the future, social skills such as the ability to understand different cultures, communication and research, knowledge of languages ​​or the ability to communicate online will be important. Other aspects that must be taken into account are the ability to work in a team, to transfer knowledge and to negotiate, as well as leadership skills. The expert from Carlemany University points out that the profiles of people who work in the industry are going to change. “For example, engineers will have to learn new approaches as 3D printing offers much more freedom than current technologies.” And he considers that immediate access to information is transforming the concept of knowledge workers, “with challenges such as decision-making in real time, solutions to complex problems based on the intelligent and ethical use of artificial intelligence and data manipulation. responsibly.”

What should companies do to train and retain talent?


One of the characteristics of industry 4.0 is the need for more trained and flexible profiles. For Mercedes Gaitán, a professor at Carlemany University, companies should:.


Train qualified technicians for the implementation of new technologies.


Increase the level of numerical skills of workers, highly demanded.


Explore new forms of collaboration and cooperation between universities, organizations and governments.


Strengthen transversal and interdisciplinary knowledge, which allows improvement in the workplace.


Train leaders who effectively and positively influence their collaborators to achieve the challenges proposed by industry 4.0 according to the needs of different organizations

Antonio Sánchez explains that in the last two years, the Secpho job bank has acquired exponential dynamism, generating a large number of offers around new profiles that did not exist just four years ago. “There is a combination of new technical profiles and other more traditional technical profiles, but they incorporate new skills and knowledge adapting to digital change.”

Faced with this reality, the president of Secpho recommends never stopping training. “Today the changes are so fast that this is no longer going to have a career that allows you to access the labor market, but it will be the first step of many more in continuous training.” He also believes that workers must have skills in cutting-edge technologies, teamwork, problem solving and adaptability to change. And he stresses that academic training can provide a solid theoretical foundation in disciplines such as robotics, optical metrology, artificial intelligence or cybersecurity, “but in the industrial field it is key to have profiles that have good professional training that provides practical skills in the use of specific tools and technologies.

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