Cartagena de Indias hosts this Tuesday the Ibero-American Thought Festival in which great personalities will participate to reflect on the challenges of a region that is trying to overcome the social and economic effects of the pandemic. The day began with a talk between the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno, the Colombian journalist Alberto Casas and the presidential candidate, Gustavo Petro. Rodolfo Hernández, the other candidate for the House of Nariño, refused to attend the meeting. A few days ago he announced that he will not participate in any debate until the elections, which will take place on June 19.
During this event, which will last all day, a full agenda will be developed on the issues that Latin American citizens are going through: poverty, social crises, democracy. The first panel will focus on the political and democratic challenges of Latin America, with the participation of María Fernanda Espinosa, former foreign minister of Ecuador, poet and former president of the UN Assembly; Michael Shifter, former president of the Inter-American Dialogue, professor of Latin American Politics at Georgetown University in Washington and author of various books on the region and its relationship with the US; Ana María Salazar, professor at ITAM in Mexico, former US Undersecretary of Defense and CNN commentator on security and defense issues.
In the economic bloc, Alejandro Santos, content director of Caracol Prisa, will speak with Alicia Bárcena, former executive secretary of ECLAC, former UN deputy secretary general and former chief of staff of Kofi Annan at the UN. At the same table are Fabián Hernández, CEO of Telefónica Movistar in Colombia and Carlos Gabas, former Minister of Social Development of Brazil. Social challenges, social inclusion and the fight against inequality will be debated at a table moderated by Johanna Fuentes, Deputy General Editor of W Radio, who will speak with Gina Magnolia Riaño, Secretary General of the OISS, former Minister of Labor of Colombia; Miguel Barroso, former Secretary of State for Communication of Spain and General Director of Casa de América in Madrid; María Noel Vaeza, UN Women Regional Director for Latin America.
The role of the press and the challenges to guarantee their freedom will also have a space during the day. Jan Martínez Ahrens, director of EL PAIS América, will speak with Mónica González Mujica, Chilean journalist and writer, and Jean François Fogel, journalist and essayist, and professor at the Sciences Po School of Journalism.
“My government would dedicate itself to weakening the multi-crime gang”: Petro
The moderators present the Historical Pact candidate with the problem of the incessant assassination of all kinds of social leaders. In his response, he makes a long exposition about the problem of drug trafficking and the violence it fuels.
“Drug trafficking grows first of all in the cities”, when the industry ends in those cities, he points out. The void left by the clothing industry in Medellin was filled by drug trafficking, he explains by way of example. Later, when the rural, peasant world collapsed, drug trafficking also arrived, he continues. “When production is destroyed, drug trafficking enters,” he says. “If we manage to strengthen a productive economy, drug trafficking is weakened”, and thus what Petro describes as “multi-crime gangs” are consequently weakened. “My government would dedicate itself to weakening the multi-crime gang,” he promises.
Gustavo Petro: “Colombia needs an agrarian reform”
The left-wing candidate assures, when asked by the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno, about what his policy will be to achieve the development of the countryside, that the only path will be an agrarian reform, necessary and historically postponed, according to the candidate. “There are peaceful ways to carry out agrarian reforms, with policies of encouragement and disincentives,” said Petro, who assures that only through a reform, Colombia will be able to have food sovereignty. “This city, Cartagena, is a city of hunger.”
Journalist Alberto Casas asks Petro about his plans for the Caribbean region. The candidate begins his response by pointing out that the two poorest areas of Colombia are precisely the Pacific and the Caribbean, two areas where he obtained the majority of the votes in the first round. Part of the explanation for this phenomenon is due to centralism, he exposes.
The Caribbean has a huge problem in its land distribution, emphasizes Petro. “I call it the land of fat cows and skinny children,” he laments, “saddened peoples despite Caribbean joy.” The region, he adds, is sinking into violence; the cities have become the precinct of motorcycle taxis due to the lack of opportunities. “However, here there is fertile land, water and sea,” he clarifies, and the brains of a population in search of opportunities. If they are enhanced, there is the possibility of development. “There can be wealth here,” he concludes, although he emphasizes that everything goes through the problem of land.
The candidate of the Historical Pact, Gustavo Petro, believes that the only way to recover the trust of Colombians in the institutions is to build a social pact, in which the sectors that have been historically excluded are taken into account. In an eventual government of his, Petro affirms that any change towards the recovery of confidence will imply reforms. “There will be reforms that are going to remove some people from privilege,” said the candidate at the beginning of the conversation with the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno, and the Colombian journalist, Alberto Casas.
The presidential candidate Gustavo Petro participates from this moment in a conversation with the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno, and the journalist Alberto Casas. The meeting can be followed through EL PAÍS América, W-Radio and Caracol Radio.
The conversation will allow citizens to know the specific proposals of the left-wing candidate in a very atypical electoral campaign, in which no face-to-face meeting will be held due to the refusal of his competitor in the second round, Rodolfo Hernández, to attend debates .
Hello! On this day there will also be space to reflect on the challenges of Latin America after the pandemic. The first panel, moderated by journalist Gustavo Gómez, director of 6 AM of Caracol Radio, will focus on the political and democratic challenges in Latin America, with the participation of María Fernanda Espinosa, former foreign minister of Ecuador, poet and former president of the Assembly of the UN; Michael Shifter, former president of the Inter-American Dialogue, professor of Latin American Politics at Georgetown University in Washington and author of various books on the region and its relationship with the US; Ana María Salazar, professor at ITAM in Mexico, former US Undersecretary of Defense and CNN commentator on security and defense issues.
Hello. Cartagena de Indias hosts the Ibero-American Thought Festival this Tuesday, where the director of EL PAÍS, Pepa Bueno, will speak with presidential candidate Gustavo Petro. Welcome.
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