During the worst part of the pandemic of COVID-19 in the United States, the diversity and educational level of people who work from home increased, and they were also younger and more likely to have moved recently, according to a survey by the Census Bureau.
In many ways, from 2019 to 2021 the demographic makeup of people working from home became more similar to that of employees who commute to work, and the proportion of the US workforce that worked from home increased from 5.7% in 2019 to 17.9% in 2021, as restrictions were implemented to help slow the spread of the coronavirus, according to a report released last week based on data from the American Community Survey.
“The increase in home workers coincides with a decline (in the number) of drivers, passengers, public transport users and most other people commuting to their jobs,” the report said.
The proportion of people aged 25 to 34 who work at home went from 16% to 23% between 2019 and 2021. Meanwhile, the percentage of black people who work from home rose from 7.8% to 9, 5%, and Asians in this situation rose from 5.7% to 9.6%. The figures remained unchanged for Hispanic employees, according to the text.
The proportion of home-based workers with college degrees also rose from just over half to more than two-thirds, and people who worked from home were more likely to have moved in the last year than those who worked on a regular basis. face-to-face
The economic sectors that registered the largest increases in people who worked from home were information, which went from 10.4% to 42%, and finance, insurance and real estate, from 10.8% to 38, 4%.
Professional and administrative services also had a significant increase, from 12.6% to 36.5%.
The smallest increases occurred in the agriculture and mining sectors; food and entertainment services; and the military.
Although there was an increase in the number of people working from home across all income levels, individuals with the highest incomes were more likely to work from home.
While the number of lowest-income employees working from home doubled between 2019 and 2021, for those with the highest earnings it tripled, according to the report.
Because most of the restrictions for the pandemic they have already been suspended since the survey was conducted in 2021, at this time it is unknown if the increase in the number of people working from home is permanent.
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