Each civilization is in line with a suite of histories, tales and, in the long run, myths that represent a situation of risk for the permanence of the group. Those that foster distrust and attempt to undermine the founding myths of the peoples both have darkish intentions or are Adamists, Promethean topics. Be that as it will, just like the woodworm, the dissolution advances inexorably and the tree of custom with time turns to mud, sawdust from previous instances…
Without a doubt, one of the crucial myths that the West erected is that of Antigone. Now not in useless, thinkers as numerous as Sophocles, Kierkegaard, Steiner, Hegel, Lacan, Zizek or Butler have devoted a unique position to it of their pages.
To summarize slightly, this fantasy suits into the crowd of tragic tales from Greek mythology referred to as The seven opposed to Thebes. It explains how Eteocles and Polyneices, each brothers of a undeniable Antigone, die in struggle right through the siege of Thebes, despite the fact that they don’t obtain the similar remedy…
Eteocles, who remained trustworthy to town of Thebes, used to be buried with due funeral honours, whilst the latter’s frame (for treason) lies unburied by means of order of his uncle, the king of Thebes (referred to as Creon). Antigone rebels opposed to the king’s disposition and he, upon finding out of such an affront and contempt for her authority, condemns her. She prefers dying, suicide moderately than being subjected to the legislation of town.
Stress between the precise and the overall
Hegel used to be ready to peer within the model of Antigone (441 BC) of Sophocles the irreducible stress between the precise Y the common. The circle of relatives legislation, this is, the suitable to bury the useless, used to be violated by means of the provisions of the civil energy, this is, the legislation of town advocated advert hoc by means of Creon. In Hegel’s personal phrases: “Antigone is probably the most chic and a hit murals of all time. The whole thing is consequential on this tragedy. The general public legislation of the State, at the one hand, and the intimate circle of relatives love, in addition to the obligation in opposition to the brother, at the different, confront each and every different in battle: the passion of the circle of relatives is the pathos of girl, Antigone, the welfare of the group is the pathos of Creon, the person”. The German thinker sees in those two sorts of ethics a dialectical, irreconcilable courting. Zizek additionally provides an account of this: “In Hegel, the battle develops throughout the socio-symbolic order, it’s the tragic cut up of the moral substance: Creon and Antigone are its two crucial components, the State and the circle of relatives, the Day and Night time, the human juridical order and the divine subterranean order”.
The unwritten and unbreakable regulations of the gods. They don’t seem to be from as of late or the day before today, they are living eternally and no person is aware of once they seemed
divine subterranean order What hides in the back of the circle of relatives legislation is that imperceptible by means of the foreigner, by means of the barbarian: They’re the customs, the pressure of the commonplace rule, the Custom (with a capital letter)… To mention it with Sophocles: “the unwritten and unbreakable regulations of the gods. They don’t seem to be from as of late or the day before today, they are living eternally and no person is aware of once they seemed. As a result of past the Manichean, tendentious and simplistic studying that some might extract seeing in Antigone a self-against-the-State, what’s at stake is the burial as a nearly city integration of those that died, those that are living and people who are but to be born.
As the trainer explains Higinio Marín on his weblog: “To bury the useless is to ‘make room for them’ on this planet of the residing and to refuse their banishment. And in a double sense: room is made for them for the reason that global turns into a spot [habitable] the place the useless have compatibility; and area is made for them as a result of they’re positioned in a spot (…) the place it’s conceivable to visit ‘to find’ the useless particular person”. In different phrases, burying our useless isn’t just returning them to the land that gave them lifestyles, however the reconciliation of our global with theirsthe indelible reminder that they aren’t totally long past.
Fantasy provide as of late
However What would occur then if we stated that this fantasy vibrates with an remarkable energy in our days? There are, in fact, two occasions that we’re very conscious about and that expose an instantaneous assault at the ingenious and founding pressure of Antigone’s insubordination.
At the one hand, allow us to call to mind the hundreds of Spanish households who had been not able to bury their useless because of Covid. The State, the civil energy, like Creon, with a chilly and implacable protocol fashionable, supplied the next: “in keeping with the provisions of article 4.3 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, the Minister of Well being is empowered to factor the important orders, resolutions, provisions and interpretative directions (…) It’s It’s going to delay the birthday celebration of spiritual cults or civil funeral ceremonies till the top of the state of alarm. The state of alarm used to be now not an insignificant interruption of prison normality, however the suspension of the divine subterranean order of a complete civilization.
Alternatively, following the Senate’s ratification of the debatable ‘Democratic Reminiscence Legislation’, A couple of weeks in the past we noticed how the circle of relatives of José Antonio Primo de Rivera asked to take price of his exhumation themselves (clearly, in view of what came about with Francisco Franco). The ambiguity is that -unlike what Antigone did with Polynices- the circle of relatives needed to request permission from the civil energy on responsibility. In a commentary, the family justified: “The exhumation procedure will have to stay and can stay inside of strict circle of relatives privateness, with out it with the ability to develop into a public exhibition susceptible to confrontations of any sort between Spaniards.”
Why have I selected two details it sounds as if other from each and every different? What is going to the prohibition of public ceremonies by means of the government right through the state of emergency need to do with the request for the exhumation of Primo de Rivera? In my view, burial and (dis)burial are precisely the similar. Or isn’t the exhumation a burial of a modified signal? It’s the opposite of a burial, however participates in the similar substance. If there’s an ancestral proper, some unwritten and unbreakable regulations of divine order relating to burial, are there now not for (un)burial?
Compromising with civil energy in those phrases installs the pernicious concept that it’s important to ask permission from Creonte or Pedro Sánchez, the similar day, to bury our useless. The Primo de Rivera circle of relatives, loaded with excellent intentions, units a deadly precedent: Antígona, section mom of what we’re, buried her brother even on the chance of shedding his lifestyles, in order that we, centuries later, can bury our family members, or a minimum of in order that we will be able to deny us his banishment.