According to the National Cancer Institute (INCa), there have been approximately 382,000 new cases of cancer for the year 2018 in metropolitan France. Cancer is the leading cause of premature death in France. As the Foundation for Cancer Research reminds us, prevention and the fight against risk factors make it possible to reduce the incidence of certain cancers. “The reduction in alcohol consumption has reduced the frequency of cancers of the esophagus and the ENT sphere, the reduction in salt consumption, that of the incidence of stomach cancer. The practice of cervical smear -vaginal, for its part, has greatly reduced the incidence of cancers of the cervix”, explains the ARC Foundation.
What is it about ? The Ovarian Cancer Action website offers a questionnaire – intended for men and women – to detect each person’s risk of suffering from certain cancers. “This simple tool will assess your risk of having inherited a genetic alteration (also known as a mutation, variant or defect) that could increase your risk of developing certain cancers, then compare it to current NHS guidelines for genetic testing. It is suitable for both men and women”, details the platform.
Detect possible mutations
In detail, the site is particularly interested in the possible presence of a BRCA1 mutation which may increase the risk of breast or ovarian cancer or the BRCA2 mutation linked to breast, ovarian and prostate cancer. “This tool does not assess your risk of having inherited all possible genetic alterations that may impact your health; it assesses referral criteria for BRCA1, BRCA2 and Lynch syndrome (hereditary colorectal cancer without polyposis – includes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2 and EPCAM),” the site points out. Before recommending: “If you are concerned about other hereditary health risks in your family, please speak to your GP.”
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